Due to Covid-19 all of our sessions are currently being conducted via video call. We also have a Covid-19 online video call Therapy support group.
Sunday, 15 Mar 2020

9 Types of Depression and Their Cause

By Dr Becky Spelman
9 Types of Depression and their Cause | Private Therapy Clinic

Depression entails far more than simply feeling down. Although low mood is the defining feature that most people associate depressive episodes, it can present itself in more ways than you might be aware of. Some forms of the condition can be brought on by life changes and circumstance, while others are rooted in biological factors. Here are the most prevalent types of the condition you’re most likely to encounter.

Major Depression (Clinical Depression)

Also known as unipolar depression, if you suffer from this form of the condition, you’ll most likely experience symptoms throughout the day that include brain fog, a lack of motivation, loss of appetite and fatigue. It can often strike without warning and with no obvious explanation. To be diagnosed with major depression, you need to have experienced symptoms for at least two weeks.

Dysthymia (Persistent Depressive Disorder)

Persistent depression is a long-term form of depression. It can last for years, with symptoms becoming more or less intense during certain periods. You could think of it as high-functioning depression. You may still experience difficulties maintaining relationships, but overall, you’ll feel as though you able to cope as over time you interpret your symptoms as being a part of your character.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal Affective Disorder usually affects people who live in the northern hemisphere where sunlight is severely restricted during the winter months. You’ll notice your symptoms increase and subside at the roughly same time each year with the passing of the seasons. Some of the most common symptoms include a loss of interest in activities, oversleeping, food cravings and relationships issues.

Manic Depression (Bipolar)

Manic depression is a now slightly outdated term that is accompanied by periods of mania or hypomania in those who have Bipolar Disorder. Whether you experience mania or hypomania will depend on whether you have a diagnosis of Bipolar I or II. To be diagnosed with Bipolar, you need to have experienced a manic episode for at least seven days.

Situational Depression

This is the most common form of the condition on our list. It relates to life changes that have disrupted the balance in your life and presented emotional challenges for you to deal with. Events such as the passing of close friends or family, relationship issues and financial troubles can all contribute.

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum Depression, also known as the “baby blues” occurs shortly after childbirth in women. It typically lasts for around two weeks as the hormones in the body begin to regulate themselves. In the rarer cases, it can last much longer, with symptoms including a disconnection from your child, feeling irritable, anxiety and lack of interest in sex.

Psychotic Depression

In some instances of depression, the effects can be so severe that you develop psychotic symptoms – or psychosis, as it’s also known. This can affect around 20 per cent of people who experience a major depressive episode in their life. The symptoms include disorganised thoughts, delusions of grandeur, hallucinations and false beliefs.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

Premenstrual Dysphoric Syndrome (PMDD) is a hormone-based mood disorder. It’s a more severe form of premenstrual syndrome that affects around 5 per cent of women. The symptoms included anxiety and behavioural changes, which can begin up to around 7-10 days in the lead-up to a woman’s menstruation period.

Atypical Depression

Atypical depression can be hard to identify as it can leave in the presence of positive events happening in your life. This can make it particularly challenging to address, as to your inner circle it may seem as if nothing is wrong on the surface. Symptom includes disordered eating, poor body image, insomnia, feeling rejected and chronic fatigue.

About the author:

Dr Becky Spelman is a leading UK Psychologist who’s had great success helping her clients manage and overcome a multitude of mental illnesses.

***If you’re struggling with depression and think you might benefit from speaking to someone about your situation, we offer a FREE 15-MINUTE CONSULTATION with one of our specialists to help you find the best way to move forward. You can book yours here.

References

WebMD. (2019) Types of Depression. Retrieved on 11th January, 2020 from, https://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/depression-types#1

Healthline. (2019) 9 Types of Depression and How to Recognise Them. Retrieved on 11th January, 2020 from,https://www.healthline.com/health/types-of-depression#pmdd

Beyond Blue. (2019) Types of Depression. Retrieved on 11th January, 2020 from,

https://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/depression/types-of-depression

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Check out other related articles

  • 15 Dec 2019

    Is Hypnotherapy the Answer to Depression?

    As a psychotherapeutic treatment, hypnotherapy doesn't always receive the attention it deserves. In many ways, you might even consider it as a last-ditch effort. But there are a lot of benefits to be had from a course of hypnotherapy, especially for depression. It's been said there is never an absol.....

  • 14 May 2019

    Using Behavioural Activation to Fight Depression

    Depression can have a very serious impact on your quality of life, but there are many ways of dealing with depression that can make it more manageable and reduce this impact significantly. One of those approaches is behavioural activation, which is a self-help strategy that you can use at home to su.....

  • 23 Nov 2019

    Overcoming Anxiety: An Overview of CBT

    Anxiety is a normal response in many situations. It helps us gauge if we’re in danger and whether we need to get away from a particular place or person. The act of worry, fear and anxiety are survival skills that have been instrumental in us staking our claim as the dominant species on this planet.....

  • 06 Feb 2020

    Overcoming Low Self-Esteem Part 1: Identifying Your Anxieties

    Low self-esteem is best defined as a lack of confidence and the constant feeling of doubt about oneself and how you're perceived by others. People with low self-esteem often come across as awkward, incompetent and fragile. They have a hard time not just with social mobility but also maintaining a se.....